Simple Complex Compound Sentences

 

 

Simple Complex Compound Sentences

 

Sentence:

A sentence is a group of words carrying a complete sense.

Examples:

Ratan is a good boy.

Soma plucks a flower.

Debakar studies Law.

I shall not go to college.

Sentence according to structures are of three kinds.

(a) Simple Sentence,

(b) Complex Sentence,

(c) Compound Sentence.

(a) Simple Sentence:

A sentence consisting of one subject and one finite verb is a Simple Sentence.

Examples:

(i) Come.

(ii) I like flowers.

(iii) Rana goes to College.

(iv) Sourav Ganguly is an all-rounder.

Finite Verb:

A verb having a specific number and person is called a Finite Verb. It says something about the Subject and agrees with it.

(b) Complex Sentence:

A sentence consisting of one Principal Clause and one or more Subordinate Clauses is a Complex Sentence. Examples:

(i) I know the man who said that the earth is round.

(ii) This is the man who did it.

(iii) What he says is true.

(iv) When I will go, I myself do not know.

Clause:

A clause is a combination of words with a Finite verb, but lacking in complete sense. A clause like a Phrase, can do the work of a Noun, Adjective or Adverb

(c) Compound Sentence:

A sentence consisting of two or more independent clauses joined together by co-ordinating conjunction is a Compound Sentence.

Examples:

(i) Do or die.

(ii) But they were young and hungry and they ate it.

(iii) He not only made a promise, but he also kept it.

(iv) God made the country and man made the town.

[Clauses are further subdivided into (i) Principal Clause, (ii) Subordinate Clause, (iii) Co-ordinate Clause.]

(i) Principal Clause:

A clause which is capable of standing by itself is called a Principal Clause.

Examples: Here is the accused, who stole the purse. I know Ajay, who is a naughty boy.

(ii) Subordinate Clause:

A clause which is dependent on other clauses is called a Subordinate Clause.

Examples:

They waited until he came.

This is the man who did the work.

(iii) Co-Ordinate Clauses:

Co-ordinate Clauses are clauses which are connected by Co-Ordinating Conjunctions.

: Examples : and or, but, for, yet, not only, but also, therefore, either….. or, neither… nor etc.

Difference between Complex Sentence and Compound Sentence. A Complex Sentence contains one main clause but a Compound Sentence contains more than one main clause.

(ii) A Complex Sentence contains one or more subclause but a Compound Sentence may or may not have any subclause.

sub clause are joined by binders.

(iii) In a Complex Sentence main clause and In a Compound Sentence two main clauses are joined by linkers. A: Conversion of Simple Sentences to Complex ones:

(Noun Clause, Adjective Clause, Adverb Clause]

(a) Simple : We reached at 4 p.m. yesterday.

Complex : It was 4 pm. when we reached yesterday.

(b) Simple :It seemed impossible for him to escape.

Complex  :It seemed impossible that he could escape.

 

Simple : His silence means his consent.

Complex :His silence means that he will give his consent.

 

B: Conversion of Complex Sentences to Simple ones : [Noun Clause, Adjective Clause, Adverb Clause]

(a) Complex: Though he is rich, he is unhappy.

Simple : Inspite of his richness she is unhappy.

(b) Complex: The truth is that she is a liar.

Simple : To tell you the truth she is a liar.

(c) Complex: Arindam had no money which he could spare Simple :

Simple :Arindam had no money to spare.

 

C: Conversion of Simple sentences to Compound ones. 

[Conjunctions (cumulative) and, as well as, not only but also, but, still yet ,nevertheless, either…or, neither….. no, thereafter, then, so, or, and so, for.]

(a) Simple : Man must eat to live.

Compound: Man must eat or he cannot live.

(b) Simple : Inspite of his wealth he is unhappy.

Compound: He is wealthy, but he is unhappy.

 

(c) Simple : The judge was pleased with him for his honesty.

Compound: He was honest, so the judge was pleased with him.

(d) Simple : The boy, being hungry ate too much.

Compound: The boy was hungry so he ate too much.

 

D : Conversion of Compound Sentences to Simple ones. [Participle (ing), Infinitve (to) Preposition phrase]

(a) Compound: The man came home, and began to work. Simple : Coming home, he began to work. (

b) Compound: You must give up smoking or you will die. Simple : You must give up smoking to avoid death.

He is unhappy but he blames none for it.

or

In spite of his unhappiness he blames none.

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Simple Complex Compound Sentences Simple Complex Compound SentencesSimple Complex Compound SentencesSimple Complex Compound SentencesSimple Complex Compound SentencesSimple Complex Compound SentencesSimple Complex Compound SentencesSimple Complex Compound SentencesSimple Complex Compound Sentences

 

 

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