Process Writing for Class 7 8 9 10 11 & 12

Process Writing for Class 7 8 9 10 11 & 12

Describing a Process

Introduction :


A process is a series of actions intended to reach a particular result. You are to write simple processes from instructions or flow-charts and describe how things happen or how things are done.

To describe a process :

1 .Read the stages in the chart carefully.

2. Write an introductory sentence.

3. Strictly follow the order of the process.

4. Use the Passive voice to describe each stage.

5 .Join the sentences with appropriate linkers —-First, Now, Then, Next, Thereafter.

6. | Give a concluding sentence.

7. Don’t forget to give the paragraph a heading. The question will help you to find a suitable heading for your composition.



Rice is the staple food of the Bengalis. It is cooked at home through some interlinked stages. At first some rice and water are taken in a pan. Then it is put on a stove. Water has to be boiled for about half an hour to soften the rice. Now the rice is tested to see if it is boiled properly. The boiled water is then separated from the rice. For this the pan is covered with a lid. It is then tilted to let the water drain out. After this the lid is removed. Water evaporates. Rice is now ready to be served.


Bread is a common food in India. It is made of four main ingredients – flour, salt, yeast and water. These are first weighed. Next, these are mixed well to prepare a dough. It is cut into one pound pieces which are then rolled and shaped. These are next baked in ovens for 20 to 30 minutes. Thus these are prepared into loaves. These are then cut into slices. At last these slices are wrapped in butter paper and are sent to market for sale.


A morning without a cup of tea will be dull to many. It is not difficult to prepare this favourite hot drink. At first some water is boiled in a kettle. Then tea leaves are put into it. These leaves are soaked in the boiled water for three to four minutes to obtain liquor. The liquor is then poured in cups through a strainer. Sugar and milk, according to requirement, are then mixed with the liquor in cups. Next, the mixture is stirred well with a spoon. Finally, it is served hot to guests.





Edible oil is a necessary ingredient to cook our food. It is interesting to know how edible oil is produced from mustard seeds. At first, mustard seeds are collected from market. Then these are cleaned and dried in the sun. Next, the dried seeds are kept in a bowl for crushing. After this oil is extracted. The crushed seeds are then strained with a piece of cloth. Oil cakes are thereafter separated from oil. Oil is now collected in cans and bottles which are then sealed. Edible oil is finally ready for use.



We cannot live without water. The water of the Ganga is the source of drinking water. But it is purified before it is supplied to homes in towns and cities. At first raw water is extracted from the Ganga. It is then purified by mixing alum and reserved in a big tank. Next, this water is filtered in filter beds. In the filter house the water undergoes a process of super purification. Now it is charged with chlorine. The water is then tested before being taken to the pressure house. The purified water is finally supplied to our houses from the pressure house.


Orange juice is a refreshing drink, especially in the summer days. For its preparation, at first ripe oranges are harvested from the orchard. Ripe oranges are then sorted to remove the rotten and the defective ones. The good oranges are now cleaned properly and peeled. Then these are crushed to extract juice. After this syrup and water are mixed with the juice in right proportions. Next, the mixture is poured in sterilized bottles. The bottles containing orange juice are then tightly sealed and labelled. Finally, these are packed and dispatched to market.




Lemon squash is liked by all in hot summer days. It is prepared through a number of stages. At first some lemons are collected from market. These are then scrubbed well. After scrubbing, the rind of each lemon is scraped away. Next the lemons are boiled with water. It is then allowed to cool. After this juice is squeezed out form the lemons. Now the juice is strained through a sieve into a container. Then citric acid and sugar, in right proportions, are mixed with the juice. The mixture is then poured into dry, clean bottles. Finally, the bottles are packed and sent to market for sale.




Mango pickle is a mouth-watering food item. The process of its preparation is quite simple. At first green mangoes are collected from market. These are then sorted to remove the rotten ones. The fresh mangoes are then cleaned properly. Next, these are cut into pieces. Salt, mustard oil, chilly and other spices are now mixed with the pieces in right proportions. After this the spiced mango pieces are kept in a big flat container. This container with the pieces is kept in the sun for some days. The tender mango pieces are then poured into jars. Now the pickle is ready to please our palate.



Soap cakes are widely used to clean dirty things. To make soap cakes, at first coconut oil, caustic soda and water are mixed proportionately. The solution is then heated for half-an-hour. It is, thereafter, allowed to cool. Next, common salt is mixed with it in due proportion. The substance is then spread and kept for twelve hours to condense. Finally it is cut into requried shapes. Soap cakes are now ready for use.



Newspaper is an essential part of modern civilization. It gives us news and tells us something of everything. The production of newspaper involves some interlinked stages. At first press reporters collect news from different places. Press photographers take photos which will help to cover the news. These are then sorted and edited. After this news are composed in types and set in machines. Paper rolls are then inserted into the rotary machines for printing the news. Printed papers are automatically folded and cut into required sizes. The newspapers are now ready for distribution. These are finally delivered to subscribers, agents and hawkers in the morning.



The way of using the public telephone booth is simple. At first the phone number of the person we need to ring up is found in the Telephone Directory. The receiver is then lifted to listen to the dial-tone, if any. The number is dialled when there is the dial-tone. One has to wait until someone at the other end responds. If the line is found engaged, the number is dialled again. A one-rupee coin is dropped into the slot as soon as someone responds from the other end. Connection between the two being thus made, conversation starts.



For the publication of a school magazine at first the Magazine Committee is formed. Next, the Editor is selected. A notice is then circulated inviting contributions from students and teachers. Various types of writings are then collected within a specific date. Writings, suitable for publication, are now sorted. The selected ones are thereafter edited with necessary additions and alterations. In the next stage a rough draft with all the writings and layouts is prepared. This rough draft is then sent to the printer. On receiving the proof-copies, a careful proof-reading is done. After that corrected copies are sent to the printer for final print. The matters are now printed in the book form and bound. The magazine is finally published and distributed among students.


Admission to class V in a High School follows a particular procedure. At first a notice is hung on the school Notice Board. Then application forms for Admission Test are collected by the guardians at a particular price. Those forms are duly filled in and submitted by the stipulated date. Next, a written Test is held. After this answer scripts are evaluated and a list of successful candidates is published. Finally, admission forms are to be filled up by the guardians of selected candidates and submitted along with fees.


The construction of a building undergoes several stages. At first a plan is prepared. Then the plan has to be sanctioned. After this masons and labours are engaged for the construction. Next, the foundation and pillars of the building are made. These take a long time. Then the building walls are constructed. When the walls are completed to a certain height, the roofing is done. In the next stage the doors and windows are fitted. The walls and ceilings are then plastered. Painters are thereafter engaged to paint the rooms. Electricians now are called to do the wiring . When everything is done, the supply of water to the building is ensured. Finally the building becomes fit for living in.



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