Biography Writing for Class 7 8 9 10 11 & 12

Biography Writing for Class 7 8 9 10 11 & 12

 

Biography Writing :

Guidelines for writing Biographies –

A biography is a written account of a person’s life, by another person.

 

HOW TO WRITE

 

  • Read information about the person and write a sentence or two on each point.

● Do not alter the order in which the points are arranged.

  • Use the Past tense to develop the points.
  • Use simple language; write in clear and correct English.

ISWAR CHANDRA VIDYASAGAR

Pandit Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar was one of the makers of modern India. He was born on 28th September, 1820 at a village called Birsingha in Midnapore. His father was Thakurdas Bandyopadhaya. Bhagabati Devi, a pious lady was his mother. He received his primary education at the village pathsala. Then he studied at Sanskrit college, Kolkata and later became its Principal. Iswar Chandra was an ocean of learning; he was Vidyasagar’. He dedicated himself to the cause of education. He set up many schools for the spread of education.

His heart wept at the sight of human distress. He contributed greatly to the passing of the Widow Remarriage Bill. He had also a great contribution to the growth of Bengali prose. ‘Barnoporichay’, ‘Sitar Banobas’, ‘Bhrantibilas’ etc. are his famous books. He was a man of strict principles. But he was noted for his kindness. ‘breathed his last on 29th July, 1891. We remember him with deep Dayarsagar’ Vidyasagar reverence.

 

RABINDRANATH TAGORE

Rabindranath Tagore, the greatest poet of India was born on 7th May, 1861 at Jorasanko in Kolkata. Maharshi Debendranath Tagore was his father. Rabindranath had no regular school education. He was taught at home by his father and private tutors. Later he was sent to England for higher education. Rabindranath was a man of versatile genius. Besides hundreds of poems, he wrote novels, dramas, short stories, essays and a large number of songs.

In all these we find the beauty of his thought and language. He loved Nature and man; he loved God. The ‘Gitanjali’ that contains his noblest poems brought him the Nobel Prize in 1913. ‘Sonar Tari’, ‘Kheya’, ‘Balaka’, etc. are his other great works. Rabindranath was a good painter, a patriot, a great teacher and an educationist. He founded the Viswabharati at Santiniketan in 1902. This  great poet breathed his last on August 7, 1941.

 

 

SWAMI VIVEKANANDA

Swami Vivekananda was a spirited monk of the 19th century  India. This man of heroic character was born on January 12, 1863 at Shimla in Kolkata. His original name was Narendranath Dutta. Biswanath Dutta and Bhubaneswari Devi were his parents. He passed the Entrance Examination from Metropolitan School and obtained his B.A. degree from Scottish Church College. In his youth he came in close contact with Sri Ramakrishna and became his disciple. He attended the World Religious Conference at Chicago in 1893.

His lecture on the unity of all religions drew admiration of all. Returning home, he set up Ramakrishna Mission to serve the suffereing humanity. Swamiji was a symbol of endless energy, courage and strength. “Arise! Awake! And stop not till the goal is away on July 4, reached” was his greatest message. This great Indian monk passed 1902 at Belur. His ideas and ideals will always guide us.

 

 

MOTHER TERESA

An embodiment of motherly love and affection was Mother Teresa. She was born on August 2,1910 in Albania, Yugoslavia. Mother’s original name was Agnes. After receiving education in a government school in Albania, she came to Calcutta for some missionary duties. In Calcutta she taught in Loreto Convent. But after a few years she dedicated herself to the service of the suffering humanity. She founded the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta.

To serve the helpless she set up Nirmal Hriday in Kalighat. She established many such organizations throughout the world.She spent her whole life for the cause of the poor, the orphan and the infirm. Modest living, simple dress, silent work and aversion to publicity marked her life-style. She received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 and the Bharat Ratna in 1980. The pride of India, Mother Teresa passed away on September 5, 1997. Lovers of men live in men.

 

DESHBANDHU CHITTARANJAN DAS

Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das was a great political leader in pre-independent India. He was a true patriot, a famous lawyer, a poet and a highsouled man. Chittaranjan Das was born on November 5, 1870 at Telirbagh village, Dhaka. He passed the Entrance Examination in 1887 from a missionary school in Calcutta. After passing the B.A Examination from the Presidency College he went to England and became a barrister.

He fought the famous case of Aurobindo Ghosh.A very successful lawyer, Chittaranjan had a large practice. But at the call of the country he gave up practice and joined Gandhiji’s Noncooperation Movement. In 1924, he formed the Sarajya Party and published ‘Forward’, a dily. He was elected the first Indian mayor of the Calcutta Corporation. Chittaranjan was nobly generous. He gave away all his wealth for the service country. This great son of of the mother India passed away on June 16, 1925.

 

 

NETAJI SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was one of the greatest patriots and freedom fighters of India. He was born on January 23, 1897 at Cuttack in Orissa. Janakinath Bose and Pravabati Devi were his parents. A brilliant student, Subhas Chandra passed B.A examination from Scottish Church College. He became an I.C.S. but refused to serve the British Raj. He joined the National Movement for freedom. A popular leader, Subhas Chandra was elected the Mayor of Calcutta Corporation. He became the president of the Congress, twice.

He suffered imprisonment as he was a threat to the British Government. During the Second World War he secretly left India and went to Germany and Japan. He formed the Azad Hind Fauz. Fighting against the British he came up to Kohima and hoisted the Indian National Fleg. But he could not see India achieving freedom. In 1945 he was reported to have died in a  plane crash. But the circumstances of his death are still a mystery. hearts of millions of Indians. He will always live in he was

 

 

SIR JAGADISH CHANDRA BOSE

Jagadish Chandra Bose, welt-known as Sir J.C. Bose, was one of  the great scientists of our country. He was born on 11th November, 1858 in the district of Mymensingh, now in Bangladesh. He got his early education from the village pathsala at Faridpur. Later he came to Calcutta and studied at St. Xavier’s School and then at St. Xavier’s College. He received his B. Sc and D. Sc degrees from the University of Cambridge in London.

He returned to Calcutta and joined the Presidency College as a professor. Sir J.C Bose made researches on electromagnet and plant life. These researches added a new dimension to the world of science. He was the first to discover that plants grow, feel and die like other living beings. For the advancement of scientific research he set up the Bose Institute in Calcutta in 1917. It was a great achievement of the great scientist. Sir J.C Bose breathed his last on 23rd November, 1937 causing immeasurable loss to the world of science.

 

 

SATYAJIT RAY

 

Satyajit Ray was a great artist, a great writer, a genius of our country. He was a famous celebrated film maker and a musician. He was born at Garpar in Calcutta on 2nd May, 1921. He was the only son of Sukumar Ray, the famous writer and Suprava Ray. His first film, ‘Pather Panchali’ was released in 1955. It was a grand success and was the turning point in his life. In 1957 his second film ‘Aparajita’ was awarded the highest prize at the Venice Film Festival. The Cannes Film Festival of 1982 was dedicated as a homage to this great film maker. In 1992 he was crowned with the prestigious Oscar for lifetime achievement in film making. The Government of India honoured him with Bharat Ratna. This great son of Mother India breathed his last on April 23, 1992.

 

SIR DONALD BRADMAN

The greatest cricketer of the last century, Sir Donald Bradman was born on August 27, 1908 in New South Wales, Australia. He made a brilliant debut playing against New South Wales. He made a magnificent century of 118 runs. In 1927 – 28 he played his highest individual innings of 452 (not out) against South Australia. Sir Donald Bradman started his career as a leading cricketer.

In 1936 the Australian team played under his able captainship. In 1938 he was appointed a national selector. He was the only Australian cricketer who received a knighthood. Sir Donald was also a great thinker. He brought out his autobiography, ‘Farewell to Cricktet’ in 1950. In 1960 this celebrated cricketer became the chairman of the Australian Cricket Board. Sir Donald Bradman had an amazing record to his credit. He scored 29 centuries, 13 half centuries, 6996 runs at an average of 99.94 runs in Test cricket. This legendary cricketer breathed his last in February, 2001.

 

NELSON MANDELA

Nelson Mandela is the great South African leader who fought all his life against iniquity and injustice. He was born on July 18, 1918 in Transkei, South Africa. When he was twenty-one, he went to the University of Witwaterstrand to study law. He became a lawyer in 1942 but soon gave up his profession. He joined the African National Congress and was involved in the struggle against appartheid.

In 1962 Nelson Mandela was imprisoned by the Apartheid Government. He was released in 1990 after long twenty-seven years. Mandela won freedom for himself and all South African blacks. He became a symbol of freedom for millions of people around the world. In 1994 the living legend of South Africa became its first black President. After five years in 1999 he retired from his office to enjoy the freedom he had fought for. The whole world pays homage to this uncompromising fighter.

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